Do You Have Gout? Foods That Contain Ingredients That Trigger Gout

Important note about Foods High In Uric Acid:

Food never contains uric acid.

Some food contains purines, which are a source of uric acid.

We can consider some foods that are rich in purines to be foods high in uric acid, but before looking at them, you should understand How Purines Affect Gout.

Since publishing my original chart of high uric acid foods (reproduced in full, below), I have learned that vegetable purines are not readily converted to uric acid in our bodies, and they can be ignored. I have replaced the foods high in uric acid table below with my Purine Rich Foods chart.

Foods High In Uric Acid Introduction

Dietitians and nutritionists commonly measure foods high in uric acid by measuring the total purine content of food.

The table below lists foods high in uric acid first with purine concentration reducing as you move down the list. Many advisers tell gout sufferers to avoid anything over 400mg and restrict foods in the 100-400mg range, but you should treat this advice with caution.

Firstly, you must realize that typical portion sizes vary enormously.
Be sure to calculate the amount that applies to your typical serving size from the value shown for 100 grams.

Secondly, the effect of foods high in uric acid depends on direct absorption through the digestive tract. Most uric acid derives from the breakdown of your cells as part of normal metabolism. The overall contribution of foods high in uric acid is debatable – figures of between 5% and 15% are common.

Purines Warning

Please be careful about getting obsessed with the purine content of food. Though purines in food can have a slight effect on uric acid, there are many other factors to consider. Read more about the main food factors that can affect gout in the Gout Diet section.

Foods High In Uric Acid Table

You should use the information in the table below only as a guideline. Many other factors, besides foods high in uric acid, affect the risk of gout attacks.
If you do feel that it is important to manage foods high in uric acid, then you should measure your total intake. Multiply the weight of your food (in grams) by the value from the table and divide this by 100 to give your uric acid intake in milligrams. In this way you can calculate a total intake from the list of foods high in uric acid for every meal. You need to find the level that you can tolerate best by trial and error.

Foods High in Uric Acid
To find a particular food quickly, use your browser Find function (usually Ctrl-F).
Food Purines
(Uric Acid
Theobromine 2300
Yeast, Brewer’s 1810
Neck sweet bread, Calf’s 1260
Sprat, smoked 804
Sheep’s spleen 773
Yeast, Baker’s 680
Ox liver 554
Pig’s heart 530
Pig’s spleen 516
Pig’s liver 515
Mushroom, flat, edible Boletus, dried 488
Fish, sardines in oil 480
Liver, Calf’s 460
Ox spleen 444
Pig’s lungs (lights) 434
Ox lungs (lights) 399
Fish, sardine, pilchard 345
Spleen, Calf’s 343
Pig’s kidney 334
Fish, trout 297
Fish, Tuna in oil 290
Ox kidney 269
Fish, Tuna 257
Ox heart 256
Liver, chicken 243
Fish, Redfish (ocean perch) 241
Heart, Sheep’s 241
Fish, Anchovy 239
Black gram (mungo bean), seed, dry 222
Fish, Herring, Matje cured 219
Kidney, Calf’s 218
Fish, Herring, Atlantic 210
Horse meat 200
Bean, Soya, seed, dry 190
Fish, Herring roe 190
Lamb (muscles only) 182
Fish, Halibut 178
Chicken (breast with skin) 175
Veal, muscles only 172
Fish, salmon 170
Poppy seed, seed, dry 170
Pork muscles only 166
Goose 165
Sausage, liver (liverwurst) 165
Fish, Saithe (coalfish) 163
Fish, Carp 160
Ox tongue 160
Pork leg (hind leg) 160
Chicken, boiling fowl, average 159
Pork fillet 150
Pork shoulder with skin (blade of shoulder) 150
Turkey, young animal, average, with skin 150
Veal knuckle with bone 150
Veal, leg of veal with bone 150
Veal, neck with bone 150
Lungs, Calf’s 147
Shrimp, brown 147
Fish, Mackerel 145
Pork chop with bone 145
Caviar (real) 144
Sunflower seed, dry 143
Pike 140
Pork chuck 140
Veal chop, cutlet with bone 140
Veal fillet 140
Veal, shoulder 140
Fish, Haddock 139
Duck, average 138
Venison haunch (leg) 138
Pig’s tongue 136
Scallop 136
Beef, muscles only 133
Rabbit meat, average with bone 132
Fish, Sole 131
Ham, cooked 131
Bean, seed, white, dry 128
Lentil, seed, dry 127
Pork belly, raw, smoked dried 127
Beef, chuck 120
Beef, fore rib, entrecote 120
Pork hip bone (hind leg) 120
Lobster 118
Chicken (chicken for roasting), average 115
Mussel 112
Sausage “Jagdwurst” 112
Beef, fillet 110
Beef, roast beef, sirloin 110
Beef, shoulder 110
Chicken, leg with skin, without bone 110
Fish, Pike-perch 110
Fish, Cod 109
Peas, chick (garbanzo), seed, dry 109
Grape, dried, raisin, sultana 107
Linseed 105
Rabbit/Hare (average) 105
Venison back 105
Sausage salami, German 104
Sausages, frying, from pork 101
Pork belly 100
Barley without husk, whole grain 96
Sausage “Mortadella” 96
Pea, seed, dry 95
Oats, without husk, whole grain 94
Plaice 93
Brain, Calf’s 92
Mushroom, flat, edible Boletus, cep 92
Sausages, frying, from veal 91
Oyster 90
Frankfurter sausages 89
Sausage “Bierschincken” 85
Pea, pod and seed, green 84
Pig’s brain 83
Broccoli 81
Bean sprouts, Soya 80
Tench 80
Nuts, peanut 79
Artichoke 78
Fish, eel (smoked) 78
Sausage “Fleischwurst” 78
Sausage, Vienna 78
Ox brain 75
Leek 74
Sausages, German (Mettwurst) 74
Apricot 73
Sausage “Munich Weisswurst” 73
Cocoa powder, oil partially removed, not including theobromine 71
Grass, Viper’s (black salsify) 71
Meat, luncheon 70
Brussel sprouts 69
Tofu 68
Chives 67
Fig (dried) 64
Plum, dried 64
Millet, shucked corn 62
Sesame (gingelly) seed, Oriental, dry 62
Fish, Crayfish 60
Crispbread 60
Mushroom 58
Banana 57
Beef, corned (German) 57
Parsley, leaf 57
Spinach 57
Peppers, green 55
Pudding, black 55
Corn, sweet 52
Cauliflower 51
Rye, whole grain 51
Wheat, whole grain 51
Oyster, mushroom 50
Kale 48
Beans, French, dried 45
Pumpkin 44
Pasta made with egg (noodles, macaroni, spaghetti, etc. 40
Lettuce, Lamb’s 38
Almond, sweet 37
Beans, French (string beans, haricot) 37
Cabbage, savoy 37
Nuts, hazelnut (cobnut) 37
Date, dried 35
Elderberry, black 33
Melon, Cantelope 33
Cabbage, red 32
Cheese, Limburger, 20% fat content in dry matter 32
Celeriac 30
Morel 30
Quince 30
Bamboo Shoots 29
Mushrooms, canned, solid and liquid 29
Olive, green, marinated 29
Cress 28
Grape 27
Kohlrabi 25
Nuts, Walnut 25
Plum 24
Squash, summer 24
Asparagus 23
Nuts, Brazil 23
Bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry 22
Cabbage, white 22
Aubergine 21
Chinese leaves 21
Peach 21
Rolls, bread 21
Strawberry 21
Avocado 19
Beet root 19
Kiwi fruit (Chinese gooseberry, strawberry peach) 19
Orange 19
Pineapple 19
Caviar substitute 18
Potato, cooked with skin 18
Raspberry 18
Carrot 17
Cherry, Morello 17
Currant, red 17
Endive 17
Mushrooms, Chanterelle 17
Mushrooms, Chanterelles, canned, solids & liquids 17
Gooseberry 16
Potato 16
Sauerkraut, dripped off 16
Radish 15
Apple 14
Beer, real, light 14
Bread, wheat (flour) or (white bread) 14
Fennel leaves 14
Beer, Pilsner lager beer, regular beer, German 13
Lettuce 13
Onion 13
Radishes 13
Chicory 12
Pear 12
Rhubarb 12
Tomato 11
Cheese, cottage 9.4
Beer, alcohol free 8.1
Yogurt, min. 3.5% fat content 8.1
Cucumber 7.3
Cheese, Brie 7.1
Cheese, edam, 30% fat content in dry matter 7.1
Cheese, edam, 40% fat content in dry matter 7.1
Cheese, edam, 45% fat content in dry matter 7.1
Cherry, sweet 7.1
Cheese, Cheddar/Cheshire cheese, 50% fat content in dry matter 6
I took the data in this table from Food Composition and Nutrition Tables by Souci, Fachmann, Kraut [see box on right]. Their notes for the purine data states


The total of free and bound compounds is given for each component. The “total purines” column contains the total of all individual components calculated as uric acid.

The exact calculation of this is beyond the scope of this article, but you can easily see the relative purine count in the table. Remember, the table of foods high in uric acid shows the number of milligrams per 100 grams, so intake will depend on portion size.

GoutPal warns against taking these types of analysis too seriously. Firstly,gout food research indicates that vegetable purines do not increase the risk of gout, and dairy foods can actually reduce it. More importantly, people digest foods differently – a food that causes gout in one person might be tolerated by another, and different food combinations have significantly different effects. There is more information about dealing with foods high in uric acid in my Gout Diet section.

Foods High In Uric Acid: Next Steps

I have retained the old foods high in uric acid chart, so that you can understand where some of the misleading gout information comes from. It is clear that simply counting purines in food is bad for gout. At best it is a waste of time. At worst it can cause dietary problems that actually increase uric acid, if your diet becomes unbalanced.

I tag gout information that is misleading as Bad For Gout, using the Senseless Skate icon to remind you that it might be interesting, but it will do nothing to help you on your journey to gout freedom. Senseless Skate - The pointless way to fail to find gout freedom

As you can see, new information changes the way gout should be managed. Purine control used to be considered the best way to manage your gout diet, but we now know that it is a waste of time to simply avoid high purine foods, without considering types of purine, and other diet factors. Don’t get caught out by missing future important gout news.



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